Tuesday, 8 August 2017

Mammals Order and Classification,list of Mammals,Mammal orders,Classification of Mammals and facts about Mammals


All mammals have hair and they feed their young ones with milk, but this hardly shows the huge diversity between a tree, an owl, a lion and a penguin.Mammals are high order Animals that includes Homosapiens. It is said that mammals appeared in the triassic period and have great range of species. Some mammals are spectacular , while other may not be that spectacular.

list of mammals

Mammals Order

The order or classification of mammals can be done in a simple way of dividing or classifying them into monotremes (duck billed platypus), marsupials (pouched animals like kangaroo) and placental animals(all other living mammals).Mammalogists who studies on mammals find this classification system somewhat bit inaccurate, it might be easier to think of all living mammals as belonging to 21 orders.These order have been posted below and these are not foolproof and is always subjected to change based on discoveries on them yet to be happen which also includes interpretation of old data.But whatever the classification science gives them, they are amazing and astonishing creation.

Classification of Mammals

Order of Mammals

As said before mammals have been classified into 21 orders, which are listed below.The list below gives us knowledge on Mammal Order,Common name,Examples and Characteristics of Mammals.
1. Order: Monotremata
    Common Name: One hole
    Example: Platypus,Spiny Anteater
    Characteristics: The mammals belonging to this order is different because they lay eggs instead of       giving birth to young ones and feed their young ones with milk.

2. Order: Marsupialia
    Common Name: with a pouch
    Example: Kangaroo, Koala,Opossum
    Characteristics: we know kangaroos carry their young ones in their pouch but the astonishing facts     is that the young ones form inside the pouch. Immature offspring reared in abdominal pouch.
Marsupial kangaroo

3. Order: Artiodactyla
    Common Name: Even-toed
    Example: Sheep,Pig,Giraffe,Camel,Cattle,Deer e.t.c
    Characteristics: Animals of this mammal classification are herbivorous(eats only plants) and have       two or four toes.
Artiodactyla Giraffe

4. Order: Carnivora
    Common Name: Flesh-Eating
    Example: Cat, Wolf, Otter, Weasel, Bear
    Characteristics: This mammal order has large canine teeth, clawed feet.Using their weapons these       predators hunt and kill for surviving.
Carnivora wolf

5. Order: Cetacea
    Common Name: Like whales
    Example: Dolphin, Porpoise,Whales
    Characteristics: They are Aquatic with blow holes on the top of their head and has front flippers.
Cetacea Porpoise

6. Order: Chiroptera
    Common Hand Wing
    Example: Bat
    Characteristics: This mammal are extra-ordinary as they fly and navigate using Echolocation.
Chiroptera Bat

7. Order: Dermoptera
    Common Name: Skin Wing
    Example: Flying Lemur
    Characteristics: This incredible mammal can glide from tree to tree with the skin attached to their       arm and body.They have fangs and wide Incisors.
Dermoptera Flying Lemur

8. Order: Endentata
    Common Name: Toothless
    Example: Anteater
    Characteristics: Lacking teeth or small simple teeth and eat mostly insects.
Anteater, Endentata

9. Order: Hyracordea
    Common Name: like Hyraxes
    Example: Hyrax
    Characteristics: They are generally Herbivores with hooves and teeth like rhinoceroses.

10.Order: Insectivora
    Common Name: Insect-Eating
    Example: Mole,shrew,Hedgehog
    Characteristics: These insect eaters have small with long snout and sharp cusped teeth.

11.Order: Lagomorpha
    Common Name: Rabbit-shaped
    Example: Rabbit,Hare,Pika
    Characteristics: This mammal have four upper incisors and hind legs adapted for jumping.

12.Order: Macroscelia
    Common Name: Large legs
    Example: Elephant Shrew
    Characteristics: Shrew like appearance with elongated noses and large back legs
Elephant shrew

13.Order: Perissodactyla
    Common Name: Odd toed
    Example: Horse, Zebra,Tapir,Rhinoceros
    Characteristics: This Herbivores, hooves with one or three toes.

14.Order: Pholidata
    Common Name: Scaly Ones
    Example: Pangolin
    Characteristics: Covered with horny scales, they feed on ants and termites.

15.Order: Pinnipedia
    Common Name: Fin feet
    Example: Seal,Sea lion,Walrus
    Characteristics: These mammals are known as marine carnivorous. They have modified limbs for       swimming.

16.Order: Primates
    Common Name: First
    Example: Human, Monkey, Ape
    Characteristics: These advanced mammals have large brains,opposable thumbs, binocular vision,         also they give birth to young ones and feed milk.
Monkey, Ape

17.Order: Proboscidea
    Common Name: Trunk Nosed
    Example: African and Asian Elephants
    Characteristics: Large Herbivores with trunks, infact elongated trunks.

18.Order: Rodentia
    Common Name: Rodents
    Example: Mouse,Rat,Beaver,Squirrel
    Characteristics: These are small herbivores with chisel like incisors.

19.Order: Sirenia
    Common Name: Like Sirens
    Example: Dugong, Manatee
    Characteristics: They eat water plants in Estuaries and they have front flippers but has no back             legs.

20.Order: Tubulidentata
    Common Name: Tubular teeth
    Example: Aardvark
    Characteristics: Dig up termites for food, have only four or five peg like teeth.

21.Order: Xenarthra
    Common Name: Unusual joints
    Example: Sloth, Armadillo
    Characteristics: Sloths are arboreal, Armadillos have scale like covering.


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